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What is E-Cig?

What is an electronic cigarette?

An electronic cigarette is also known as an e-cigarette, e-cig, electric cigarette, and personal vaporizers. They are a new and innovative devices that allow users to mimic the physical mechanisms of smoking. An electronic cigarette consists of 3 main parts. A battery which provides heat, a vaporization chamber such as a clearomizer and the e-liquid which produces the vape and flavour. An e-cigarette produces a vapour which the user inhales through a clearomizer filled with an e liquid.

E-cigarettes can come in many different appearances, each individual will be able to choose their desired appearance. Some may look similar to traditional cigarettes. 

Why Vape?

People choose to vape for a wide variety of reasons including but not limited to:

  • They don’t contain the thousands of known chemicals found in traditional cigarettes
  • Can address the physiological and behavioural aspects of tobacco addiction (containing nicotine and allowing people the hand-mouth action of smoking)
  • As there is no smoke, there is reduced risk of passive smoking
  • There are no cigarette butts produced
  • Some may be using e-cigarettes in an attempt to cut down or stop their actual cigarette usage
  • Curiosity of a new product
  • Cheaper than smoking
  • Smell

How does an electronic cigarette work?

The e-cigarette is made up of 3 parts, which supports the explanation below:

  • The battery: e-cigs use re-chargeable lithium batteries. Tucked inside the battery is a switch that is triggered when the user inhales or power is manually applied, dependent upon e-cig type. When triggered the battery sends a charge to the atomizer.
  • The atomizer of an e cigarette has a heating coil in it, and when the charge is received from the battery, it heats up the coil, which then vaporises the e-liquid in the clearomizer or tank.
  • The clearomizer/Tank: It is the mouthpiece and storage unit for the e-liquid which is then fed to the heating coil to produce vapour.

What is e-liquid?

E-liquid commonly refered to "e-juice" or "juice" is a simple solution that produces the "vapor" which resembles the smoke from a cigarette. It comes in many different flavour options. E-Liquid contains the following components

  • Propylene Glycol
  • Vegetable Glycerin
  • Flavouring concentrate
  • distilled water

E-liquid can be made with as little as two ingredients and comes in different ratios to give the user vastly different experiences. 

What is important is the 4000+ chemicals that isn't present in e-liquid.

What is Propylene Glycol(PG)?

Propylene Glycol or commonly referred to as "PG" is an odourless, colourless and slightly sweet organic binding agent. Propylene Glycol has been classified as GRAS (Generally Regarded As Safe) and do not represent a cancer hazard. Propylene glycol is responsible for the “throat hit” in the e-liquid. However Propylene Glycol can cause irritation in some users such as a sore throat or itchy eyes. If you have an allergic reaction cease use or try an e-liquid with a low Propylene Glcyol ratio or a %100 Vegetable glycerin ratio.

What is vegetable Glycerin(VG)?

Vegetable glycerin, or glycerol, is a clear, odorless liquid produced from plant oils, typically palm oil, soy, or coconut oil.Glycerine is classified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as “generally recognized as safe” (GRAS) and complies with specifications for the Food Chemicals Codex (FCC), United States Pharmacopeia (USP), and European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur. or EP) E244. Vegetable Glycerin is very thick and needs to be thinned down with Propylene Glycol or distilled water. Vegetable glycerin is responsible for the vapor produced. A e-liquid with a high VG ratio will make massive clouds!

Does your e-liquid contain nicotine?

Liquid nicotine, is scheduled as a 'Schedule 7 Poison' under the Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Medicines and Poisons (SUSMP) and cannot be sold in Australia.

What is a clearomizer?

A clearomizer is a see through cartomizer, hence the name.A clearomizer holds the e-liquid and heating element known as an atomizer. A clearomizer has a top or bottom mounted heating coil that has wicks which soak up the e-liquid to be vaporized. Most clearomizers can be cleaned and have replacement coils available.

What is an atomizer?

An atomizer generally consists of a small heating element responsible for vaporizing e-liquid, as well as wicking material that draws liquid in. The atomizeror coil comes with different resistances represented as ohms with the symbol Ω.

What is the difference between a low and high ohm atomizer?

The lower the ohms the lower the resistance meaning more power. More power equates to greater vapor production. However there are drawbacks to this. Lower ohms will drain your battery more quickly, it will burn your e-liquid more rapidly and can cause dry hits.

What does mAh mean?

mAh means milliAmpHours and refers to the capacity of a battery. Put simply the higher the mAh rating the long the battery can go without requiring recharging. The trade off with this is that the higher the mAh the bigger your battery is going to be.

What is a mechanical mod?

A purely mechanical mod is a very basic personal vaporiser device. It is a tube that holds a replaceable rechargeable battery and on the tube is a button that when engaged completes a circuit that delivers unregulated current to the atomizer. A mechanical mod contains no wiring or soldering, nor any electronics. If you are a beginner, it is not recommend choosing a mechanical mod as these devices do not have inbuilt safety features and require some additional knowledge of handling and monitoring lithium based batteries.